Collective Enfranchisement: Your Rights and How it Works

Collective Enfranchisement is a process that allows tenants in the residential property to collectively purchase their freehold. This is great news for those who wish to take control of their own home, but it can also be a complex process. In this post, we will explore the rights surrounding Collective Enfranchisement, how it works and what you need to know before taking the plunge. We’ll outline the steps involved and help you get a better understanding of what you need to do in order to become the owner of your own home. Read on to learn more about this important topic!

What is Collective Enfranchisement?

Collective enfranchisement is the legal process whereby a group of qualifying tenants can collectively purchase the freehold interest in their building from the landlord. This gives them the right to manage their own property and control any future developments or redevelopment that may take place. The process can be initiated by either the tenants or the landlord, but must be agreed upon by a majority of tenants in order for it to go ahead.

There are a number of benefits to collective enfranchisement, including:
-improved property management;
-the ability to redevelop or make alterations to the property without landlord consent;
-stability and security of tenure; and
-the potential to save money on maintenance and repairs.

However, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider, such as:
-the cost of purchasing the freehold interest, which will be split amongst all of the tenants;
-the responsibility for maintaining and repairing the property falls on the tenants once they become the freeholders; and
-disagreements between tenants over how the property should be managed can potentially lead to costly legal disputes.

The Process of Collective Enfranchisement

The process of collective enfranchisement is a legal process through which a group of tenants can purchase the freehold of their building from the landlord. In order to be eligible for collective enfranchisement, the building must be residential and have at least two flats. The tenants must also have been living in the property for a minimum of two years.

Once the tenants have decided to collectively enfranchise, they must first serve notice on the landlord. This notice must be signed by all of the tenants who wish to take part in the process and must state the names and addresses of all of the flats in the building. It is important to note that any tenant who does not sign this notice will not be included in the collective enfranchisement and will not be able to purchase a share of the freehold.

After receiving notice, the landlord has two months to respond. If they do not respond within this period, or if they serve notice that they do not wish to sell, then the tenants can apply to court for an order compelling the sale. However, if the landlord does wish to sell, then negotiations over price will begin. Once a price has been agreed upon, contracts will be exchanged and completion will take place.

It is worth noting that collective enfranchisement can be a lengthy and complex process. However, it is often successful in giving tenants more control over their property and ensuring that their rights are protected into the

Pros and Cons of Collective Enfranchisement

There are many pros and cons to collective enfranchisement. On the plus side, it gives tenants the ability to buy their building and have a say in how it is run. This can be a great way to ensure that your building is well-maintained and that you have a voice in decisions that affect you and your neighbours. It can also lead to increased security of tenure and lower rents.

On the downside, the process of buying your building can be costly and time-consuming. You will need to appoint a solicitor and surveyor, as well as raise the necessary funds to make an offer for the freehold. There is also no guarantee that your offer will be accepted – if the current freeholder does not want to sell, they can simply refuse your offer.

How to Successfully Enact Collective Enfranchisement

There are a few key things to remember when trying to successfully enact collective enfranchisement:

1. Firstly, it is important to ensure that at least 50% of the qualifying tenants in the building are on board with the process. This can be tricky to achieve, but without this level of support, it is very unlikely that the process will be successful.

2. Secondly, it is essential to have a good understanding of the law and your rights as tenants. This includes knowing which buildings are eligible for collective enfranchisement and what the process entails. Without this knowledge, it will be very difficult to convince other tenants to support the cause.

3. Thirdly, it is important to have a clear plan and strategy for how you will go about achieving collective enfranchisement. This should include details such as who will lead the campaign, how you will raise awareness and funds, and what tactics you will use to pressure the landlord into selling the property to the tenants.

4. Finally, it is important to remain united and committed throughout the entire process. This can be a long and difficult battle, so it is essential that all tenants are on the same page and working towards the same goal.

The Cost of Collective Enfranchisement

In the UK, the process of collective enfranchisement allows tenants of flats to purchase the freehold of their building, or to extend their leases. The cost of this process is typically borne by the tenants themselves, although in some cases the landlord may be willing to contribute.

There are a number of factors that will affect the cost of collective enfranchisement, including the number of flats in the building, the length of the leases and the value of the property. In most cases, professional fees (such as those for solicitors and surveyors) will also need to be factored in.

As a general guide, it is usually expected that tenants will need to raise between 10-25% of the total value of the property in order to successfully purchase the freehold or extend their lease. However, this can vary depending on individual circumstances.

If you are considering taking action under collective enfranchisement, it is important to seek professional advice in order to understand all of the costs involved and whether or not it is likely to be successful.


Collective enfranchisement is a great way for tenants to take control of their properties and make sure that their rights as leaseholders are protected. With the proper knowledge and understanding of collective enfranchisement, tenants can ensure that they have the legal protection they need when it comes to the ownership of their property. We hope this article has provided you with an overview on how collective enfranchisement works and what your rights are in regards to this process. Now that you understand your options, it’s time to start exploring them and exercising your right to collective enfranchise!


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